We all know that footing is an inseparable part of foundation construction. They are built by the help of concrete with rebar reinforcement. The objective of footing is to provide adequate support to the foundation and restrain settling. Footings are especially crucial in the areas where soil condition is not up to the mark. […]

## Usual Room Sizes for Master Bedroom, Kitchen and Living Room

Usual dimensions can be very beneficial when you are starting with a home planning or redecorating. Generally, the standard dimensions can help you with the initial estimation of the property. Furthermore, the architects and the planner will plan the space according to the possibilities and the wishes. For that purpose, there is a video and […]

## Concrete Footings – Some useful guidelines

Usually, it should be examined when the footings are arranged for concreting i.e. reinforcement is completely engrossed but it is recommended to examine it in two phase i.e. 01. Initially verify formwork prior to arrange reinforcement. This is very useful because finding out & rectifying formwork defect is very difficult once the reinforcement is organized […]

This estimating spreadsheet is specifically created for designing truss. By using this spreadsheet one can design light gage truss on the basis of AISI S100/SI-10 & ER-4943P. The following design criterion is required for truss analysis. The intermediate, finite element analysis contains shear deformations with E & G equivalent to 29500 ksi & 11300 ksi. […]

## How To Calculate Labour Cost For Concrete Work

In this construction video tutorial, detailed process is given for calculating the numbers of labors in excel sheet that is necessary for accomplishing PCC or concrete work. The number of necessary labors and their rates for PCC or concrete work are derived from a standard DSR Book. Microsoft Excel is considered as the most vital […]

## Quantity survey – Materials estimation for circular RCC water tank

In this illustration we will calculate cement, sand, crushed stone and of course steel for given water tank. RCC has 1:2:4 with 15 cm thickness PCC has 1:2:4 with thickness equal to 10 cm The slab is RCC having 1:2:4 with 10 cm thickness And of course there is a hole and the hole is […]

## List of the 10 Tallest Buildings in the World

The ten tallest buildings in the world will take your breath away when you see them. As civil engineering technology improves, the world’s buildings become taller and taller with more and more impressive architecture. The latest ultra-tall building in the world is planned to be 2,400 meters (7,900 feet) tall. It will be called Dubai […]

## How To Calculate Quantities Of Cement, Sand And Aggregate For Nominal Concrete Mix (1:2:4)?

Mix design is a process of determining the right quality materials and their relative proportions to prepare concrete of desired properties like workability, strength, setting time and durability. While following a mix design is advised to optimise the material consumption, it is not possible at site to always come up with Mix design. Nominal mix […]

## How to Calculate and Measure the Needed Materials in Plain Cement Concrete

Plain cement concrete (PCC) also known as cement concrete (CC) and binding concrete used as a basic material for the construction. Measuring the binding material is a process that the construction workers do even without taking the measuring tool mixing the fine and coarse aggregates determination. The estimation is made for cement then sand and […]

## Appropriate Dimensions for Bathrooms

Appropriate dimensions are part of the curriculum of the earliest semesters at university. These bathrooms are more suitable and more practical. In fact, if you renovate the bathroom in your home, you can pick what is best for you and the needs of your family. But, the bathrooms that are used by more people, like […]