Visual Glossary Of Screws, Nuts and Washers

has a great selection of charts used to identify and explain the wide variety of screws, bolts, nuts, washers and other pieces used for building just about every project you can imagine. Wood screws, machine screws, carriage bolts, lag bolts, square heads, torx, ogee washers and more. There’s even a section about the grade/strength types […]

Concrete Footings – Some useful guidelines

Usually, it should be examined when the footings are arranged for concreting i.e. reinforcement is completely engrossed but it is recommended to examine it in two phase i.e. 01. Initially verify formwork prior to arrange reinforcement. This is very useful because finding out & rectifying formwork defect is very difficult once the reinforcement is organized […]

How to Build Stairs in 3 Easy Steps

Building a staircase, even a short one, isn’t simple. It requires precise measurements and some careful calculations. Here’s how. From a technical standpoint, there’s nothing particularly difficult about building stairs for a deck, porch or shed. Anyone with basic carpentry skills can make the necessary cuts and assemble the parts. And yet, stair building is […]

Brief overview of foundation construction

Definition of foundation: The foundation can be defined as follow : Any structure is segregated into 2 parts: 1. Superstructure: It is the portion of structure located over Ground level (GL) 2. Substructure/ Foundation: It is the portion of structure under GL Constituents of foundation: Generally there are 3 constituents of foundation: (i) Footing, (ii) […]

Pavement Types

Flexible Pavement A flexible pavement structure is typically composed of several layers of material with better quality materials on top where the intensity of stress from traffic loads is high and lower quality materials at the bottom where the stress intensity is low. Flexible pavements can be analyzed as a multilayer system under loading. A […]

Foundation Details.

Foundation consisting of flexible and rigid spread footings (no connecting beams) Foundation generally includes the footings and the pedestals. The simplest type of foundation is the spread foundation (pad foundation) i.e. isolated column footings. As a rule, spread footings consist only of a box and they are usually called flexible. Sometimes they may have a […]

Staircase Terminology

This glossary of staircase related terminology is by no means exhaustive but does detail the most common and basic terms used in staircase construction and balustrading installation. Stair Terminology Baluster/Spindle – the vertical member, plain or decorative, that acts as the infill between the handrail and baserail (or tread if cut string). Balustrading – the […]