Bricks are one of the main components of a construction, and it has been used by builders and constructors for decades. The modern construction denotes the five types of bricks used for different works. Though the evolutions happen, the basic structure goes through a little change. Types of bricks generally present the materials they are made of. They are usually laid flat to build a strong and stable structure, and they are the foundation of the construction. The general size of the brick is long by 8 inches and thick by 4 inches.
5 types of bricks are given below:
1. Common Burnt Clay Bricks
2. Sand Lime Bricks
3. Engineering Bricks
4. Concrete Bricks
5. Fly Ash Clay Ash
These five types of bricks are wide used by the construction industry. The content presents the details about these bricks below.
Common Burnt Clay Bricks:
Common brunt clay bricks – the name defines the process of producing such brick. They are produced by creating a pressure while molding. These bricks attain the required strength when they are dried and fired in a kiln. These bricks have general application, and they are not used for construction an attractive work. Plastering or rendering is required when they are used for constructing a wall.
Sand Lime Brick:
Sand Lime Bricks go comparative a long process than the clay brick. The core materials used for producing such bricks are – sand, fly ash and lime. These materials go through a chemical process where they are molded under pressure. They definitely come up with more advantages over the clay bricks, and these are given below.
• They are generally gray in color instead of traditional red.
• The structure is smooth enough and does not need plastering.
• Their strength is higher than clay bricks, and they work mainly as a load bearing member.
Engineering Brick: Engineering bricks have high standard in stability and strength. The product process follows a strict construction where they are produced at high temperature. The process makes these bricks structurally formed and strong. The two main characteristics that distinguish them from others are – high-level of load bearing capacity and damp-proof. The application of these bricks is concentrated on a specific project. The cost is definitely higher than the regular bricks.
Fly Ash Bricks: The main two materials that form fly ash bricks are – clay and fly ash. They are produced in 1,000 degree C temperature. As compared to other types, it performs poorly. When they come in contact with moisture and water, they start expanding.
Concrete bricks: The most commonly used brick type is concrete brick made of solid concrete material. The applications of these bricks can be visible in constructing facades, fences, and more. They are available in different colors rather than the two popular options – gray and red.
Bricks for construction: Bricks are traditionally been used for construction works as they have been successfully providing the needed strength and durability a constructor wants to achieve from a project. The content below presents the advantages of using bricks over other materials.
• Bricks have come up with high-standard compressive strength.
• They enhance the aesthetic value while giving the foundation a strong support.
• Bricks regulate heat and moisture inside the structure very well.
• They come up with the fire protection.
• Brick has sound insulation of up to 45 decibel for 4.5 inches brick.
• They have an excellent wear resistance.
Besides the above-mentioned types, bricks can be classified according to the shape and geometry, such as bullnose, channel, coping, cownose, and more. They have different characteristics as per their applications.
Article Source: www.thebalance.com