6 METHODS TO PREVENT DAMPNESS IN BUILDING

DAMPNESS PREVENTION METHODS: The following are the precautions to be taken to prevent dampness in buildings, before applying the various techniques. The site should be located on high ground and well-drained soil to safe guard against foundation dampness All the exposed walls should be of sufficient thickness to safeguard against rain protection (minimum 30 cm) […]

Methods of Waterproofing concrete and Advantages

Methods of Waterproofing concrete and Advantages In general, it can be stated that if concrete is made dense and free from cracks, it is watertight. The dense concrete can be obtained by closely adhering the following essentials: Using a hight class Portland cement of guaranteed quality. Taking extreme care to adopt correct grading and proportioning […]

DESIGN METHODS FOR BEAMS AND COLUMNS

A number of different design methods have been used for reinforced concrete construction. The three most common are working-stress design, ultimate-strength design, and strength design method. Each method has its backers and supporters. For actual designs the latest edition of the ACI Code should be consulted. Beams Concrete beams may be considered to be of […]