Spread Footings and the Details Before Construction

Spread footings Paragraph 1.2.5 provides all information regarding spread footings. The following example con-cerns a simple spread footing with its footing shaped like a box. The spread footing behaves like an inverted cantilever with loads applied in the upward direc-tion. As a rule, a spread footing is a quite rigid element therefore, the applied soil […]

Download Checklist for Tiling (Wall dadoing/flooring)

  TILING to cover the surface from external and act as waterproof membrane. Here some important points to follow on before,during and after tiling listed out below: BEFORE TILING 1 Check for any additions & alterations 2 Cleaning slab off loose mortar/ material 3 Check for levels, Button marking, Mortar thickness 4 Availability of Material – […]

Car Autocad 2d Blocks

Collection of autocad 2d blocks free download car in plan and elevation view CAD Blocks Landscape Design CAD Block,Keywords:landscape drawing,landscape design,best landscape,landscape architecture Dynamic blocks Block unit Color Layer Linetype Linetype scale Lineweight Material Name Object name Plot style Position Rotation Scale X Scale Y Scale Z Unit factor A dynamic block has flexibility and intelligence. […]


Concrete or plastic concrete is a freshly mixed material which can be molded into any shape. The relative quantities of cement, aggregates and water mixed together, control the properties of concrete in wet state as well as in hardened state. For a long time, concrete was considered to be very durable material requiring a little or no maintenance. […]


Optimizing long-span girders can save scares resources.  The following are a few conceptual options to optimize girders.  Optimization for a real project requires careful evaluation of alternate options, considering  interdisciplinary aspects along with purely structural ones. 1  Moment diagram, stepped to reflect required resistance along girder 2  Steel girder with plates welded on top of […]

Wind effect – Structural Design

A building in the path of wind causes wind pressure which in turn causes force, shear, and overturn moment at each level that must be resisted, following a load path to the foundations (wind wall pressure transfers to horizontal diaphragms, then to shear walls, finally to foundation).  Wind pressure times tributary area per level causes  […]

Checklist for Excavation

  Before Excavation list of point to be checked Are there any underground utilities like sewers, water pipelines, cables? (if YES then bring to the notice of the Project Manager & adequate precautions to be taken while excavation) Check whether the excavated pits are adequately shored/ timbered? Are the excavated areas provided with fences/ barricades? […]

Common problems of concreting and how to avoid them

For producing high quality concrete you should take control of problems which are commonly occurred during concreting. These problems mainly happen for improper mixing, placing and handling. Some problems also happen due to weather effect and other reasons. These problems have major impact on strength and duration of concrete First you should know about  the […]

Checklist for Pre-Concreting Excel Sheet

Concreting important part of work in construction field before concreting follow the steps given below: PRE CONCRETING 1 Check surface preparation 2 Check for Form work and stagging 3 Conduits/ Ducts opening/ Insert Plates provided? 4 Check for provision of vibrators? 5 Working condition of mixer/ vibrators checked and gaps between plates in mixer drum […]